Causes Of Meniscus Injuries
A torn meniscus is a knee injury we see quite often at Galway Bay Physio. The most common mechanism of injury is twisting your knee with a planted foot. Each knee has two menisci, one on the inside and one on the outside of the knee joint. The menisci are C shaped pieces of cartilage that act as shock absorbers and weight bearers between the shin and thigh bones. When you damage or tear the meniscus you may get pain, swelling, stiffness (especially when trying to straighten the knee) and locking of the knee. Conservative physiotherapy treatment is often enough to relieve the pain of a torn meniscus and build up the strength to prevent recurrences. In other cases, however, a torn meniscus is too severe and requires surgical repair and physiotherapy rehabilitation is required after the operation.
Sudden meniscus tears often happen during sports and running. As stated above, runners or players may suddenly turn or even squat and twist the knee and cause a tear. Direct contact, like a tackle, is also sometimes involved in contact sports. However, older people are more likely to have degenerative meniscus tears because weakens and wears thin over time therefore it is more prone to tears. Because of this, an innocuous movement such as an awkward twist when getting up from a chair may even be enough to cause a tear.